Carson City (Named for "Kit" Carson, famous explorer and mountain man in the early 19th century) is an independent city in the state of Nevada. Functionally under the law it is one of the 17 counties of the state, but the entire area only has a city-style government. It was formerly the county seat and largest city of Ormsby County. It was created in 1969 when Ormsby County was dissolved, and the rest of the county was merged into Carson City. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,274, up from 52,547 in 2000. The city has an area of 168 square miles (435 km2), of which 156 square miles (403 km2) is land, making it functionally the smallest county in Nevada. Within Nevada, it is bordered by Washoe County in the north, Storey County on the northeast, Lyon County on the east and Douglas County on the south. In addition it borders Placer County in California. Carson City is also the state capital of Nevada. Carson City is one of only three independent cities in the US not located in Virginia. It also has the smallest population of the 366 metropolitan areas in the US, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.